History

of Caorle

The story goes back to the first Century BC. Originally it was for centuries a commercial and naval port, both times of prosperity on the side of the Republic of Venice. As well itexperienced periods of decline in wartimes.

In the 20th Century, major changes began. The swamps were drained, the fishing as well as agriculture won in importance. After the 2nd World War Caorle continuously developed into a town of tourism.

 

And yet, despite strong extensions Caorle always remained a village of fishermen - in contrast to many other places, who became rather a victim of tourism. Caorle managed to maintain its strong commitment to its culture and history. Mainly because it is a village where people are really living their lives.

And that's what it is, what constitutes the underlying charm of Caorle: It is still a place where people live not solely for tourism.

Historical Outline

Caorle was founded 40 BC of the nearby city Concordia Sagittaria and Oderzo as a commercial and naval port. Caorle is older than Venice which was founded in the 5th Century AD.

 

The ancient Roman origin of the island, which was also called Caprulae, Petronia island or Capritana Caule is evidenced by numerous Roman finds. During the Migration many mainland residents sought refuge on the island.

876 AD Caorle became a bishop seat. The following centuries Caorle stood at the side of the Venetian Republic, its first heyday was achieved with the construction of the Cathedral (1038) and the bell tower (1070). And as Venice, Caorle lost its importance and gradually impoverished in the late 15th Century.

During the Venetian occupation under Napoleon Bonaparte (1806-1815) the Bishop of Caorle granted 57 bishops hospitality and accommodation in 1807.

 

Mid 19th Century Caorle experienced a slow economic recovery thanks to the release of quinine - the only available treatment for malaria (mind that this times the area was a swamp).

After the draining of the marshes in the early 20th Century numerous farmhouses were created that evolved to important to large companies. From 1935, many buildings were constructed, such as the elementary school Andrea Bafile, the police barracks, the new City Hall, the community center with a medical center and a few others.

 

Nevertheless, fishing has always had great important for Caorle and its about 300 fishermen. Altogether they had 28 sailing ships called bragozzi and 172 fishing boats.

On the west beach the service facility Turchetto was constructed. During World War II, the economy of Caorle suffered. The fishing had to be stopped because of the bombing threat.

Fortunately, the city suffered no major losses, and in the sixties there was an increase in tourist numbers.

 

So Caorle became a popular seaside resort. In the seventies Porto Santa Margherita was build, a modern resort with a large marina. Many vacationers appreciate the ambience of this special fishing village, which, with its colors, scents and traditions is a really unique resort on the Adriatic.

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